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Have you ever pondered that there is an overwhelming contribution of light & colour in every design, painting or art work? Managing the amount and type of light, itself is a field of study. There are many different reasons why one wants or needs to control the amount of sunlight that is admitted into a building. Well-designed sun control and shading devices can dramatically reduce building peak heat gain and cooling requirements and improve the natural lighting quality of building interiors. Depending on the amount and location of fenestration, reductions in annual cooling energy consumption of 5% to 15% can easily be achieved.
The use of sun control and shading devices is an important aspect of many energy-efficient building design strategies. In particular, buildings that employ passive solar heating or day lighting often depend on well-designed sun control and shading devices.
During cooling seasons, external window shading is an excellent way to prevent unwanted solar heat gain from entering a conditioned space. Shading can be provided by natural landscaping or by building elements such as awnings, overhangs, and trellises. Some shading devices can also function as reflectors, called light shelves, which bounce natural light for day lighting deep into building interiors.
Exterior shading devices are particularly effective in conjunction with clear glass facades. Thus, solar control and shading can be provided by a wide range of building components including:
Landscape features such as mature trees or hedge rows;
Exterior elements such as overhangs or vertical fins;
Horizontal reflecting surfaces called light shelves;
Low shading coefficient (SC) glass; and,
Interior glare control devices such as Venetian blinds or adjustable louvers.
Fixed exterior shading devices such as overhangs are generally most practical for small commercial buildings. The optimal length of an overhang depends on the size of the window and the relative importance of heating and cooling in the building.
To properly design shading devices it is necessary to understand the position of the sun in the sky during the cooling season.
Shading devices can have a dramatic impact on building appearance. This impact can be for the better or for the worse. The earlier in the design process that shading devices are considered they more likely they are to be attractive and well-integrated in the overall architecture of a project.
Designing Shading Systems. Use fixed overhangs on south-facing glass to control direct beam solar radiation. Indirect (diffuse) radiation should be controlled by other measures, such as low-e glazing.
To the greatest extent possible, limit the amount of east and west glass since it is harder to shade than south glass. Consider the use of landscaping to shade east and west exposures.
Do not expect interior shading devices such as Venetian blinds or vertical louvers to reduce cooling loads since the solar gain has already been admitted into the work space. However, these interior devices do offer glare can control and contribute to visual acuity and visual comfort in the work place.
Materials and Methods of Construction. In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the variety of shading devices and glazing available for use in buildings. A wide range of adjustable shading products is commercially available from canvas awnings to solar screens, roll-down blinds, shutters, and vertical louvers. While they often perform well, their practicality is limited by the need for manual or mechanical manipulation. Durability and maintenance issues are also a concern.
When designing shading devices, carefully evaluate all operations and maintenance (O&M) and safety implications. In some locations, hazards such as nesting birds or earthquakes may reduce the viability of incorporating exterior shading devices in the design. The need to maintain and clean shading devices, particularly operable ones, must be factored into any life-cycle cost analysis of their use.
Living in apartments and flats is an easier option for those not willing to take on the pain of building an independent house. However, whatever and whoever be the Housing Society / Builder, one ends up spending at least 10-20% of the purchase cost in remodeling, renovating & upgrading the house, for which too, one needs a good Construction Company In Gurgaon or NCR, it is a tough task to find one, and so is in other cities. read more
One is often pained to meet unsuspecting Friends (specially Faujis), taken for a ride by some Builder or the other including some very high ranking people.
Anyone needing help in my friend Circle, pl feel free to contact. Its Your money, don’t donate to a Cheater Builder.
Reference Link:- https://colonelzbricklogic.blogspot.com/2014/10/buying-house.html
It has become a recurring phenomenon of Builders & Infrastructure Companies defaulting for various reasons.read more
The judgment allows flat purchasers aggrieved by errant developers to choose between redressal authorities established under the CPA or the RERA.62 petitions were filed by various developers challenging the order passed by the National Consumer Redressal Commissioner. Today Homes and Infrastructure Private Limited case, wherein, the National Commission held that remedies provided under the CPA and RERA are concurrent and the jurisdiction of the forums/ commissions constituted under the CPA isn’t ousted by RERA, particularly Section 79 of the RERA. Colonelz provides the construction services among all the services.
While the aforesaid petitions were pending before the High Court, a three-judge bench of the Supreme Court headed by Justice Rohinton F Nariman delivered a judgment on August 9, 2019 in Pioneer Urban Land and Infrastructure Limited and the Union of India &Ors (Writ Petition (Civil) No 43 of 2019) where it was held that remedies given to allotted of flats are concurrent and they are in a position to avail remedies under the CPA, RERA as well the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC). The petitioners/developers advanced the following arguments in support of their petitions filed before the High Court. Colonelz upholds the services of the construction companies to the residential architecture.
The issue raised in the case of Pioneer (supra) was the relationship between remedies provided under IBC and RERA and the inter-relationship between RERA and CPA was never argued. Therefore, any observations regarding the remedy under RERA and CPA being concurrent must be considered as obiter dicta and doesn’t constitute the reason for the decision arrived at by the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court hasn’t adverted to Section 79 of the RERA, which inter alia provides that no civil court shall have jurisdiction over matters, which are to be decided under the RERA. Therefore, if at all, the judgment of the Supreme Court is regarded as holding that the CPA and RERA provide concurrent remedies, the finding to this effect overlooks Section 79 and the judgment to this extent is lacking in appreciation of relevant facts to that extent.
The Supreme Court in its judgment has observed that the parallel remedy of the CPA is recognised by Section 71 of the RERA, which provides that an allotted has the option to continue with an application already filed before the forum under the CPA or withdraw the complaint and file an application before the adjudicating officer under the RERA. In view of the aforesaid observation, the petitioners urged that the judgment of the Supreme Court regarding concurrent remedies is applicable to cases, where complaints under the CPA were instituted prior to RERA coming into force.
There is no warrant for limiting the Supreme Court’s conclusion that concurrent remedies are applicable only to cases where complaints under the CPA were instituted prior to RERA coming into force by reference of Section 71 of the RERA. Section 71 was used as an example of a parallel remedy and doesn’t intend to reach a conclusion for only pending CPA complaints and not for ones instituted in future.